1858 – Anson Jones, the fifth and final president of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide in his hotel room in Houston, TX. Anson served as President for only 437 days before Texas was annexed by the United States in February of 1846. Something to which Anson was vehemently opposed.
Leading up to his death, Anson suffered from severe depression, having lost two opportunities to represent Texas in the U.S. Senate, and permanently injuring his arm. So on January 9th, after finishing his dinner, he went up to his hotel room and shot himself. He was 59 years old.
He left behind his wife, Mary Smith Jones, of 18 years (who had been a widow once before) and their four children. Mary never remarried, but was forced to sell the couple’s land due to the financial strain left in the wake of her husband’s suicide.
Coincidentally (or not) it was a similar suicide by Thomas Jefferson Rusk that allowed for a second chance at the Senate seat, he so highly coveted.